following projects can be done as individuals, with family members or classmates. They
make great family activities to learn more about our drinking water.
Keep a record of all the
activities you and your family do each day that use water. Think of ways you can change
these activities to conserve water.
the Master Water Shut-Off Valve in your Home
With your parents help,
find the master water shut-off valve in your home. In an emergency, this is where you
would turn the water off to prevent water damage in your home.
Your Familys Water Use
Understand your households
water usage by reading your water meter.
- If your water meter is inside
your house, locate it and write the reading down on a daily basis for a week or more.
- After several days of readings
have been obtained, subtract the readings between days to determine the daily usage. Track
this value for several days or weeks. Note, typically water meters can express the amount
of water in gallons or in cubic feet of water. (If you want to change the water usage from
cubic feet of water into gallon, multiply the cubic feet of water by 7.5 to convert the
amount of water into gallons.)
- Make a graph showing your
familys water usage. Was the use the same each day or did the usage vary?
- Discuss with your family the
amount of water used each day, the factors that might affect how much water is used, and
ways your family can use water more wisely.
- If your class is doing this
project as well, compare your familys water usage with the other students in your
class. As a class, discuss why one familys usage can be different from
Your Own Water Filter
- Obtain an empty coffee can. With
an adults help and permission, punch 5 to 10 small holes in the bottom. Caution must
be used to prevent injury.
- Put about 3 inches of sand in the
bottom of the can.
- Pour a pitcher of muddy water
over the sand and collect the water that comes out of the filter in a clean container.
- What can you observe about the
water coming out of the filter compared to the water you put through the filter?
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